Discipline in this hexagram is symbolized by the elements of water under the earth — a resource available to use but hidden; something powerful that requires effort to access; and, a potential of great means that can be harnessed in times of need. Once accessed and applied, great things can be accomplished by means of organized discipline.
The most successful general is not the one who triumphs on the battlefield, but the one able, through strength of discipline and inner power, to triumph without spilling blood. Likewise, in any large organization, the key virtues are discipline and conscientiousness. The most effective platoon marches with a single purpose — a dedication to a lofty common goal that is held dear by all. Otherwise, even with an excess of external discipline, unpopular wars are seldom winnable.
Let power be held in check by the acceptance of a common discipline, and submission to a higher authority for the common good. When life is in balance, evil impulses are checked by human decency; parents die before their children; leaders lead and followers follow. If you hold or aspire to a position of leadership, remember that the true leader captures the hearts of the people, and articulates a clear, simple vision that binds them together.
In the realm of government, the relationship between the army and state is critical. Only when the state is economically prosperous can the army be strong. Only when the army is disciplined can the state be protected from disruptive outside forces. For this balance to be preserved, government must be steady, and mild toward its own people. When balancing strong complementary forces, modesty and generosity at the center can be a magnetic force that keeps the relationships intact. Solidarity among all elements is essential for success at this time.